How To Make Grape Juice/Wine

#1 Way to Make Your Own Homemade Grape Juice/Wine

Clearly there’s nothing better than to make your own homemade grape juice unless your changing it into wine. Here’s a great article from . Step-by-step instructions with photos on how to make your own grape juice from scratch. If your looking to make wine, well here’s a good starting point. Changing grape juice into wine now that’s a tricky process. Late September and early October is Concord Grape season in Long Island’s North Fork’s – East End.

We used to make Grape juice from Welch’s frozen concentrate; sometimes the lid didn’t come off so easily and splat there went a purple goopy mess all over our shirts.

How to Make Your Own Homemade Grape Juice - Grape Juice - Long Island Vineyard Tours

If you have never had fresh, homemade grape juice, I assure you, you are missing out; it’s nothing like anything you can buy in a store. It’s more like nectar than store bought juice, thick and smooth. We like to dilute it with sparkling water. Over the years we’ve learned that to make your own  homemade grape juice it doesn’t really freeze well; it just doesn’t taste nearly as special upon defrosting. So when it’s in season, we drink it up.

This recipe uses Concord grapes which, according to my friends in Concord, Mass, still grow wild around those parts. I’m pretty sure you could use this grape juice recipe with any kind of sweet grape you like.

INGREDIENTS

Equipment needed

  • A colander for rinsing the grapes
  • 1 large, 12-quart pot
  • 1 large 6 or 8-quart pot
  • A very large fine mesh sieve, or cheesecloth

Grape Juice into Wine - LI Vineyard Tours®

1. Pick the grapes. Get a large basket, wear long sleaves and a hat, bring clippers, and fill up the basket with grape bunches. Keep in mind that a pound of grapes will yield a little less than a cup of juice.

Grape Juice into Wine - LI Vineyard Tours®

2. Rinse and de-stem the grapes. Put grapes in a basin filled with water. Then rinse the individual grapes, picking them away from the stem, collecting the grapes in a large bowl, and discarding the green unripe and old shriveled grapes.

How to Make Your Own Homemade Grape Juice - Grape Juice - LI Vineyard Tours®

3. Mash the grapes. With a potato masher, mash away at the grapes so the juice begins to flow. If you have picked a lot of grapes, you may need to work in batches. We have found it easiest to mash about 4 lbs of grapes at a time.

How to Make Your Own Homemade Grape Juice - Grape Juice - LI Vineyard Tours®

4. Cook the grapes. Put the mashed grapes into a large stockpot. Slowly heat the grapes and juice to a simmer on medium heat and then simmer for 10 minutes. Stir occasionally so that the grapes don’t stick to the bottom of the pan. Halfway through cooking mash some more, breaking up as many of the remaining grapes as possible.

Grape Juice into Wine - LI Vineyard Tours®

5. Prepare sieve or cheesecloth. Get another large pot, place a large fine mesh sieve over it. Alternatively you can cover it with two layers of cheesecloth, secure with a rubber band. Make sure pot is sitting on a plate to catch any juice that may run over.

Grape Juice into Wine - LI Vineyard Tours®

6. Strain grape mixture. Ladle grape mixture over fine mesh sieve or cheesecloth to strain. Let sit for several hours or overnight in the refrigerator to strain completely.

Grape Juice into Wine - LI Vineyard Tours®

7. Finishing. Remove sieve or cheesecloth.* Note that sediment will have formed on the bottom of the container. Rinse out the sieve or cheesecloth and strain the juice again, to filter out some of the sediment. Pour or ladle juice into containers. Enjoy your juice!

Grape Juice into Wine - LI Vineyard Tours®

* Note that the grape mash can be composted. NOW if your looking to make wine here’s a great video

HOW TO MAKE WINE

Have you ever wanted to make homemade wine? Here’s how.

Grape Juice Into Wine - Red Wine and Carafe - LI Vineyard Tours®

Red wine and carafe | Photo by Meredith

In theory, making wine is very simple, especially if you have already made your grape juice.  Now yeast meets grape juice in an environment that allows fermentation. It’s such a natural process that wine was probably first discovered by happy accident thousands of years ago: Natural yeasts, blowing in the wind, settled down upon a bunch of squashed grapes, whose juice was pooling in the shaded bowl of a rock. After fermenting, some lucky passerby stops and stoops down for a taste…and likes what he discovers.

 From there, the process of winemaking will be refined, as you can imagine, and the environment carefully controlled, to the point where winemaking becomes both science and art.

And DIY home winemaking? Well, it probably falls somewhere between the curious stone-age wanderer and the modern vintner who applies artful science to the process.

At any rate, winemaking at home requires several pieces of inexpensive equipment, serious cleanliness, and a mess of patience. Turns out, Tom Petty was right: “The waiting is the hardest part.”

Equipment Checklist:

  • One 4-gallon food-grade-quality plastic bucket and lid to serve as the primary fermentation vat
  • Three 1-gallon glass jugs to use as secondary fermentation containers
  • A funnel that fits into the mouth of the glass bottles
  • Three airlocks (fermentation traps)
  • A rubber cork (or bung) to fit into the secondary fermentation container
  • Large straining bag of nylon mesh
  • About 6 feet of clear half-inch plastic tubing
  • About 20 wine bottles (you’ll need 5 bottles per gallon of wine)
  • Number 9-size, pre-sanitized corks
  • Hand corker (ask about renting these from the wine supply store)
  • A Hydrometer to measure sugar levels

Ingredient Checklist:

  • Lots and lots of wine grapes
  • Granulated sugar
  • Filtered water
  • Wine yeast

To the above basic list you can refine the process by adding such things as Campden tablets to help prevent oxidation, yeast nutrients, enzymes, tannins, acids, and other fancy ingredients to better control your wine production.

Making Wine

Part 1

  • Ensure your equipment is thoroughly sterilized and then rinsed clean. (Ask at the wine supply store about special detergents, bleaches, etc.). It’s best to clean and rinse your equipment immediately before using.
  • Select your grapes, tossing out rotten or peculiar-looking grapes.
  • Wash your grapes thoroughly.
  • Remove the stems.
  • Crush the grapes to release the juice (called “must”) into the primary fermentation container. Your hands will work here as well as anything. Or go old school and stomp with your feet. If you’re making a lot of wine, you might look into renting a fruit press from a wine supply store.
  • Add wine yeast.
  • Insert the hydrometer into the must. If it reads less than 1.010, consider adding sugar. If you’re adding sugar, first dissolve granulated sugar in pure filtered water (adding sugar helps boost low alcohol levels). Stir the must thoroughly.
  • Cover primary fermentation bucket with cloth; allow must to ferment for one week to 10 days. Over the course of days, fermentation will cause a froth to develop on top and sediment to fall to the bottom.
Grape Juice Into Wine - Mashed Grapes and Twigs - LI Vineyard Tours®

Making Grape Juice into Wine| Photo by Meredith

Part 2

  • Gently strain the liquid to remove the sediment and froth.
  • Run the juice through a funnel into sanitized glass secondary fermentation containers. Fill to the top to reduce the amount of air reaching the wine.
  • Fit the containers with airlocks.
  • Allow the juice to ferment for several weeks.
  • Use the plastic tube to siphon the wine into clean glass secondary fermentation containers. Again, the purpose here is to separate the wine from sediment that forms as the wine ferments.
  • Continue to siphon the wine off the sediment periodically (this is called “racking”) for 2 or 3 months until the wine is running clear.

Part 3

  • Run the wine into bottles (using the cleaned plastic tubing), leaving space for the cork plus about a half inch or so of extra room.
  • Insert corks.
  • Store the wine upright for the first three days.
  • After three days, store the wine on its side at, ideally, 55 degrees F. For red wine, age for at least 1 year. White wine can be ready to drink after only 6 months.

We hope you enjoyed these 2 articles that we put together and hope you’ll try either to make your own homemade grape juice or turning it into home made Wine yourselves. Lets not forget if you want to do some wine tastings then LI Vineyard Tours® is the transportation company for you.

Please call us at (516)-WINE-TOURS / (516)-946-3868 anytime to schedule a Long Island Wine Tour.